Built around 1664, the Jackson House is the oldest surviving wood frame house in the state of New Hampshire. A National Historic Landmark, the Portsmouth property was built by Richard Jackson, a woodworker, farmer and mariner.
Through the years, different additions were built to accommodate multiple generations living in the home.
From 1727-1897, five generations of men named Nathaniel Jackson and their families occupied the house. In 1897, Nathaniel V’s daughter, Mary E. Jackson Brown, inherited the house along with her son, also named Nathaniel.
At this time, she rented it to Clarence and Isabelle Tilley who were African-American. It is said that Belle Tilley came to New Hampshire via the Underground Railroad.
In 1923, Mary and Nathaniel sold the house to William Sumner Appleton and Historic New England, but they retained residency rights until 1947.
It is still owned by Historic New England, and is open for tours the first and third Saturdays July-October. See the website for more information.